Electrical Transformer Testing and Maintenance Training

Day One: Transformer Principles. • Transformers. • Right hand rule. • Magnetic Induction. • Left Hand Rule and Turns Ratio. • Transformer Losses. • Transformer Types. Day Two: Vector Diagrams. • Operating Principles. • Operation without Load. • Operation with Load. Day Three: Transformer Classifications: • Service Classification. • Instrument Transformer. o Current. o Potential. […]

Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Safety (RAMS) Engineering for Power Plants – Principals and Practices

Day (1) BASIC ELEMENTS IN RELIABILITY ENGINEERING: ???? Short R&S History as Synonym of Risk ???? Some Basic Terms: • Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Safety: • RAMS: Combination of Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety • Hazard, Individual Risk, and Social Risk. ???? Definitions, Formalisms, and Examples ???? Types of Maintenance ???? Maintainability Measures ???? Probability […]

Instrumentation & Instrumentation Loop Control Basics for Technicians

Day (1) INTRODUCTION TO INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY: • Introduction to instrumentation technology. • Process control circuits and control system evaluation. • Units, standards and error analysis. • Principles of signal conditioning. • Analog signal conditioning (passive circuits-operation amplifiers-OP Amp circuits). Day (2) DIGITAL SIGNAL CONDITIONING AND SENSORS: • Digital Signal conditioning (Digital fundamental-converter A/D&D/A-Data Acquisitions). • […]

Instrumentation & Process Control Basics

Day (1) INTRODUCTION TO INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY: • Introduction to instrumentation technology. • Process control circuits and control system evaluation. • Units, standards and error analysis. • Principles of signal conditioning. Day (2) DIGITAL SIGNAL CONDITIONING AND SENSORS: • Analog signal conditioning (passive circuits-operation amplifiers-OP Amp circuits). • Digital Signal conditioning (Digital fundamental-converter A/D&D/A-Data Acquisitions). • […]

HVAC Direct Digital Control (DDC) Practical Application & Design

Day (1) ???? FUNDAMENTALS OF AUTOMATIC CONTROL • Control Loops • Types of Control Actions • Controller Technologies • Controlled variables • Sensors • Controllers • Controlled Devices • Controlled agents ???? TYPES OF CONTROL ACTION TWO-POSITION (ON/OFF) • Floating • Proportional • Proportional Integral (PI) • Proportional–Integral–Derivative (PID) ???? CONTROLLER TECHNOLOGIES PNEUMATIC (PNEUMATIC CONTROLLER […]

Harmonic Detection and Filtering Basics

Day (1) GENERAL • Definition of harmonics and their origin o Distortion of a sinusoidal signal o Origin of harmonics • Why harmonics need to be detected and suppressed o Disturbances caused by harmonics o The economic impact of disturbances o Increasingly serious consequences o Practically speaking, which harmonics must be measured and reduced? Day […]

Electrical Protection Basics

Day (1) INTRODUCTION TO PROTECTION: • The reasons for protection • Principles of protection • Disconnection devices • Protection and system design • The nature of short circuit currents • Short Circuits in Industrial Power Systems ???? Distinction between load and fault currents ???? Sources of short circuit currents: o Generators o Synchronous Motors • […]